Thermodynamic assessment of the biological processes (Invited Speech)
Exergy analysis were initially used to evaluate efficiency of the fuels and energy utilizing processes. In the early 2010s exergy analyses found application in development of the industrial production processes of the biological origin and later directly in the cellular processes in the body. Assessing the comfort of the body in terms of entropy generation and exergy destruction, exergy efficiency of the metabolic pathways in the brain, exergy efficiency of the muscle work, lifespan entropy generation, understanding and finding ways to postpone the symptoms of aging were among these studies. Application of the biothermodynamics in the medical fields expected to provide opportunities in the health sciences and medical technology and improve the quality of life of the humans and animals. Comparison of the exergetic efficiency of the competing theories on the brain energy metabolism, offering some help to prevent heart attacks in the amputees, calculation and improvement of the muscle work efficiency and finding the causes of the difference in the crop yields of the plants, estimating the emergence and disappearance of an eco-system and its management to obtain the maximum output, e.g., fisheries landing from there, are among the outcomes of the current biothermodynamics research.